7. Standing and Sitting at Work
8. Space Planning for the Individual and the Public
9. Access for Maintenance, Stairs, Light, and Color
Humanscale is a set of ready references (3 volumes, each furnished with 3 two-sided pictorial selectors with rotary dials and appropriate accompanying manuals) for use by designers in many fields. Engineers, architects, industrial designers, interior designers, furniture designers and craftsmen will find the concentrated information on human factors basic and easy to use for successful design.
Humanscale is dedicated to understanding people—their physical attributes, abilities, and limitations. It incorporates an extensive amount of human engineering data compiled and organized by Henry Dreyfuss Associates over a period of more than 35 years. Much time was consumed sifting through piles of books, pamphlets and clippings. For convenience, dimensioned charts of human figures were made and surrounded by factual data which showed body relationships not readily perceived through numbers alone. When research led to the fields of anthropology, biomechanics, psychology, sociology, physiology, orthopedics, geriatrics, pediatrics and others a decision was made to introduce rotating analog wheels full of data. Now a single face of graphics can easily show 20,000 bits of information.
Humanscale 7/8/9 includes information on large, average and small men, women, children and handicapped persons. Measurements are in inches, pounds and the equivalent SI metric units. Many applications of human engineering are illustrated in the manual; for example, a cockpit, an auto driver's compartment, a tractor cab, and consoles are shown in detail. They are offered as a guide on how to approach a design, not to be slavishly copied. Every design problem requires its own solution, but when based on the inclusion of the large and small operator data in this work, 95% will be accommodated with ease.
Space envelopes and access openings of all sorts are included to aid designers for improving maintenance. Much information in both selector and manual is devoted to "public engineering" of space and to methods of controlling the light and color environments.
The author, Niels Diffrient, is a Fellow of IDSA.
This book is available for purchase.