What is Industrial Design?
Industrial Design (ID) is the professional service of creating products and systems that optimize function, value and appearance for the mutual benefit of user and manufacturer.
Industrial designers develop products and systems through collection analysis and synthesis of data guided by the special requirements of their client and manufacturer. They prepare clear and concise recommendations through drawings, models and descriptions. Industrial designers improve as well as create, and they often work within multi-disciplinary groups that include management, marketing, engineering and manufacturing specialists.
Mark Dziersk, FIDSAIndustry:
Savannah College of Art
Employed at a personal level to quickly externalize thoughts using simple line-work. Also known as thumbnail, Thinking or Napkin Sketch.
Used to investigate appearance, proportion and scale in greater detail than an Idea Sketch. Often supported by the loose application of tone/colour.
Used to record images of products, objects, living creatures of any relevant observations for future reference or as a metaphor.
Helps expand thoughts during the design process using mind maps, notes and annotations.
Informal coded representation that categorises information to demonstrate an underlying principle or scheme.
Quickly and effectively communicates features through the use of annotation and supporting graphics. Also known as Explanatory or Talking Sketch.
Clearly defined proposal produced by controlled sketching and use of color/tone to enhance detail and realism. Also known as First Concept.
Informal sketch for the exploration of technical details such as mechanisms, manufacturing, materials and dimensions.
Describes interactions between user and product, sometimes in a n appropriate context.
Defines the product, proposals as a third angle orthographic projection with precise line and color.
Contains a high level of realism to fully define product appearance as a perspective view. Particularly useful for decision making by non-designers.
Schematic representation of the operating principle of relationship between components. Also knows as a Schematic or Diagrammatic Drawing.
Descriptive three-quarter view produced using a perspective drawing technique. Created using line only without the application of color or tone.
Exterior view all components using line only and with sufficient detail to produce an Appearance Model if required. Usually drawn in third angle projection.
Contains detail of components for the manufacturing product. Also known as Technical, Production or Construction Drawing.
Communicates technical detail with a high degree of realism that is sometimes supported with symbols. Includes Exploded views.
Informal, relatively low definition 3D model that captures as the key characteristics of form. Also known as a Foam Model for 3D Sketch.
Simple mock-up used to explore and visualize the relationships between components, cavities, interfaces, and structures. Usually produced using card.
Captures the key functional features and underlying operating principles. Has limited or no association with the product's final appearance.
Communicates how the product is used with the potential ergonomic evaluation.
Accurate physical representation of product appearance. Also known as a Block Model as it tends not to contain any working parts.
Enables the evaluation and development of the methods and tools required to assemble products components.
Used to evaluate and develop the location and fit a of individual components and sub-assemblies.
Supports the development and demonstration of how a product is services and maintained.
Refined prototype that accurately models physical components to enable the collection of performance data for further development.
Bring together key elements of appearance and functions for the first time. Uses of simulates production materials.
A refined evolution of an Alpha Prototype used to evaluate ongoing design changes in preparation for the final specification of all components.
Integrates components specified for the production item without consideration of the appearance. used to evaluate electronic and mechanical performance.
Developed from the system Prototype as a final representation of the product's functional elements.
Product using the tooling and materials intended for production to enable the evaluation of material properties and appearance of components.
Highly detailed representation that combines functionality with exact product appearance. Uses or simulates production materials.
Final prototype produced using production components. Manufactures in small volumes for testing prior to full scale production.
Dr. Mark Evans, Loughborough Design School, UK, with support from IDSA